Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
http://www.trends.periodikos.com.br/article/doi/10.47626/2237-6089-2022-0537
Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Original Article

Mental health, functioning and quality of life between work in the office and work from home employees during first wave of COVID19 in Brazil

Silvia Dubou Serafim, Jéferson Ferraz Goularte, Giovana Dalpiaz, Marco Antonio Caldieraro, Adriane Ribeiro Rosa

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Abstract

Background
COVID-19 was declared a global pandemic early in 2020, period that governments imposed strict measures of social distancing to slow its transmission. However, most essential services remained open, and the work in the office faced a higher risk of infection compared to work in home. We compare the occurrence and potential determinants of mental health outcomes, functioning and quality of life in a sample of Brazilian individuals who worked from home and those who worked in the office during the first wave of COVID-19.

Methods
Data were collected during the first wave of COVID-19, using an online survey to assess sociodemographic and clinical variables, functioning (FAST-D), quality of life (EUROhisQOL), depression (PROMIS depression), anxiety (PROMIS anxiety), and stress symptoms (IES-R scale) in a huge sample consisted of individuals who worked in office (n=1685) and worked from home (n=1338).

Results
Analysis revealed that depressive and post-traumatic stress symptoms were less prevalent in individuals who worked from home as well as they have higher functioning and quality of life than those worked in the office. Individuals who worked in the office were younger, more likely to be female, had lower household income level, low education levels and were more unmarried than the other group. 

Conclusion
Our findings support the notion of the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in both work in the office and work from home; however, the group who worked from home seems to be more resilient with less psychiatric symptoms and better functioning.

Keywords

COVID-19, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, functioning, quality of life, work from home, work in office

Submitted date:
07/06/2022

Accepted date:
08/17/2022

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